Publications - Yale Metal Geochemistry Center

In review

Terry-Tang, YS,  Love, GD, Zumberge, A, Reinhard, CT,  Dupont, CL, Asael, D, Rooney, AD, Gill, BC, Rainbird, RH, McCrow, JP, TW Lyons, Planavsky, NJ, in review, Tracking the Rise of Eukaryotes to Ecological Dominance with Zinc Isotopes. Science. 

Anderson, R, Tarhan. LG, Cummings, K, Planavsky, NJ, Bjørnerud, M, in review, Macroscopic structures in the 1.1 Ga continental Copper Harbor Formation: Concretions or fossils? Palaios. 

McCoy, T., Planavsky, NJ, Asael, D. in review, Iron isotopes in a high-oxygen, low-sulfate environment: implications for interpreting Archean sedimentary iron isotope excursions. Geobiology.

Hood, AvS, Planavsky, NJ, Wallace, MW, Wang, X, Bellefroid, E, Gueguen, B, Cole, DB, in review, Integrated geochemical-petrographic insights from component-selective δ238U of Cryogenian marine carbonates. Geology.

Sahoo, SK, Planavsky, NJ, Jiang, GQ, Kendall, B, Owens, JG, Wang, XQ, Shi, XY, Anbar, AD, and Lyons, TW, in press, Oceanic oxygenation events (OOEs) in the anoxic Ediacaran ocean. Geobiology.

Reinhard, CT*, Planavsky, NJ*, Gill, BC, Ozaki, K, Robbins, LJ, Lyons, TW, Fischer, WW, Wang, C, Cole, DB, Konhauser, KO, in revision, Evolution of the global phosphorous cycle. Nature. *Equal contribution authors

Suosaari, EP, Reid, RP, Playford, PE, Foster, JS, Stolz, JF, Casaburi, G, Hagan, PD, Chirayath, V, Macintyre, IG, Planavsky, NJ, Eberli, GP, in press, New multi-scale perspectives on the stromatolites of Shark Bay, Western Australia. Scientific Reports.

Wu W., Wang, X. Reinhard, C.T., Planavsky, NJ, in review, Chromium isotope systematics in temperate weathering environments: A case study of the Connecticut River System. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta.

Reinhard, CT, Planavsky, NJ, Olson, SL, Lyons, TW, Erwin, DH, in review, Causal relationships between earth’s oxygen cycle and the evolution of metazoan life. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Mloszewska, AM, Whitford, DS, LalondeSVKappler, A, Planavsky, NJ, OwttrimGWKonhauserKO, in review, Sunscreen-like properties of Fe(III)-Si aggregates facilitated the colonization of Archean marine photic environments. Geology. 


In press

Gueguen, B, Reinhard, CT Algeo, TJ, Peterson, LC, Nielsen, SG, Wang, X, Planavsky, NJ. in press. The chromium isotope composition of reducing and oxic marine sediments. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta.

Jin, C, Li, C, Algeo, TJ, Planavsky, NJ, Cui, H, Yang, X, Zhao, Y, Zhang, X, Xie, S, in press, A highly redox-heterogeneous ocean in South China during the early Cambrian (~529-514 Ma): Implications for biota-environment co-evolution. Earth and Planetary Science Letters.

McKenzie, NR, Horton, BK, Loomis, SE, Stockli, DF, Planavsky, NJ, Lee, CTA, in press, Continental arc volcanism as the principal driver of icehouse–greenhouse variability. Science.

Konhauser, KO, Planavsky, NJ, Hardisty, D, Lyons, TW, Bekker, A, in press, Iron formations as recorders of Neoarchean to Paleoproterozoic environmental history. In: D. Johnston and S. Poulton (eds.), Revolutions in the Early Proterozoic: Tracking Geochemical and Geobiological Change.


Year 2016

Henehan, Michael J., Hull, Pincelli M., Penman, Donald E., Rae, James W. B. Rae and Schmidt, Daniela N. (2016) Biogeochemical significance of pelagic ecosystem function: an end-Cretaceous case study. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 371: 20150510. [Link to article at publisher (open access)]

Cole, DB, Reinhard, CT, Wang, X, Gueguen, B, Halverson, GP, Lyons, TW, Planavsky, NJ, (2016) A shale-hosted Cr isotope record of low atmospheric oxygen during the Proterozoic. Geology.

Planavsky, NJ, Cole, DB, Reinhard, CT, Diamond, C, Love, GL, Zhang, S, Konhauser, K, Lyons, TW. (2016) No evidence for high atmospheric oxygen levels 1400 million years ago. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Evans, David B. J., Wade, Bridget S., Henehan, Michael J., Erez, Jonathan, and Müller, Wolfgang (2016) Revisiting carbonate chemistry controls on planktic foraminifera Mg/Ca: implications for sea surface temperature and hydrology shifts over the Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum and Eocene–Oligocene Transition. Climate of the Past 12, 819-835. [Link to pdf]

Penman, D. E., Kirtland-Turner, S., Sexton, P., Boulila, S., Norris, D., Norris, R. D., Dickson, A. J., Boulila, S., Ridgwell, A., Zeebe, R. E., Zachos, J. C., Cameron, A., Westerhold, T., Röhl, U. (2016). A carbonate compensation depth overshoot in the aftermath of the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum, Nature Geoscience. Accepted.

Wang X., Planavsky N.J., Reinhard C.T., Hein J.R., Johnson T.M. (2016). Cenozoic seawater U isotopic composition recorded in ferromanganese crusts. American Journal of Science. 316, 64–83.

Wang X., Reinhard C.T., Planavsky N.J., Johnson T.M. (2016). Chromium isotopes track the extent of marine low-oxygen conditions during the Cenomanian-Turonian OAE2. Chemical Geology. 429, 85–92.

Wang X., Planavsky N.J., Reinhard C.T., Zou H., Ague J., Wu Y., Peucker-Ehrenbrink B. (2016). Chromium isotope effects associated with high temperature metamorphism, black shale weathering and hydrothermal alteration. Chemical Geology. 423, 19-33.


Year 2015

Uchikawa, J., Penman, D. E., Zeebe, R. E., Zachos, J. C. (2015), Experimental evidence for kinetic effects on B/Ca in synthetic calcite: Implications for potential B(OH)4- and B(OH)3 incorporation, Geochimica et Costmochimica Acta.

Li, C., Planavsky, NJ, Shi, W., Zhang, Z., Zhou, C, Cheng, Luo, G, and Xie, S, 2015, Ediacaran Marine Redox Heterogeneity and Early Animal Ecosystems. Scientific Reports. 5, 17097.

Marshall, Brittney J., Thunell, Robert C., Spero, Howard J., Henehan, Michael J., Lorenzoni, Laura and Astor, Yrene (2015) Morphometric and stable isotopic differentiation of Orbulina universa morphotypes from the Cariaco Basin, Venezuela. Marine Micropaleontology 120, 46-64. [Link to article at publisher][Link to pdf]

Planavsky, NJ, Tarhan, LG, Bellefroid, EJ, Evans, DA, Reinhard, CT, Love, GD, Lyons, TW, 2015, Late Proterozoic transitions in climate, oxygen, and tectonics, and the rise of complex life. In: Earth-Life Transitions: Paleobiology in the Context of Earth System Evolution. The Paleontological Society Papers, Volume 21, P. David Polly, Jason J. Head, and David L. Fox (eds.). Yale University Press, New Haven.

Henehan, Michael J., Foster, Gavin L., Rae, James W.B., Prentice, Katherine C., Erez, Jonathan, Bostock, Helen C., Marshall, Brittney J., and Wilson, Paul A. (2015) Evaluating the utility of B/Ca ratios in planktic foraminifera as a proxy for the carbonate system: A case study of Globigerinoides ruber. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 16(4), 1052-1069. [Link to article at publisher] [Link to pdf]

Partin, CA, Bekker, A., Planavsky, NJ, Lyons, TW, 2015, Euxinic conditions recorded in the ca. 1.93 Ga Bravo Lake Formation, Nunavut (Canada): Implications for oceanic redox evolution. Chemical Geology. 417, 148–162.

Li, C, Planavsky, NJ, Love, G, Reinhard, CT Hardisty; D, Feng, L, Bates, L, Huang, J, Zhang, Q, Chu, X, Lyons, TW, 2015, Ferruginous marine conditions and low oxidant concentrations in Middle Proterozoic oceans: Insights from a geochemical investigation of the Chuanlinggou Formation, Yanshan Basin, North China, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 150, 90-105.

Youm, YH, Nguyen, KY, Grant, R, Goldberg, E, Bodogai, E, Kim, D, D’Agostino, D, Planavsky, NJ, Lupfer, C, Kanneganti, TD, Horvath, T, Fahmy, T, Crawford, P, Biragyn, A, Alnemri, E, Dixit, VD, 2015 Ketone body β-hydroxybutyrate blocks NLRP3 inflammasome-mediated inflammatory disease. Nature Medicine. 21, 263–269.

Thompson, D, Rainbird, RH, Planavsky, NJ, Lyons, TW, Bekker, A, 2015, Chemostratigraphy of the Shaler Supergroup, Victoria Island, NW Canada: record of ocean composition prior to the break-up of Rodinia. Precambrian Research, 263, 232-245.

Tarhan, LG, Droser, M, Planavsky, NJ, Johnston, D, 2015, Protracted development of the sediment mixed layer, Nature Geoscience. 8, 865–869.

Martínez-Botí, Miguel-Angel, Marino, Gianluca, Foster, Gavin L., Ziveri, Patrizia, Henehan, Michael J., Rae, James W. B., Mortyn, P. Graham, and Vance, Derek (2015) Boron isotope evidence for oceanic carbon dioxide leakage during the last deglaciation. Nature 518, 219-222. [Link to article at publisher] [Link to pdf]

Wang X., Johnson T.M., Lundstrom C.C. (2015) Isotope fractionation during oxidation of tetravalent uranium by dissolved oxygen. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta.150, 160-170.

Wang X., Johnson T.M., Ellis A.S. (2015) Equilibrium isotopic fractionation and isotopic exchange kinetics between Cr(III) and Cr(VI). Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 153, 72-90.

Wang X., Johnson T.M., Lundstrom C.C. (2015) Low Temperature Equilibrium Isotope Fractionation and Isotope Exchange Kinetics between U(IV) and U(VI). Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 158, 262-275.

Hood, A.v.S., Wallace, M.W. (2015) Extreme ocean anoxia during the Late Cryogenian recorded in reefal carbonates of Southern Australia, Precambrian Research, 261, 96-111. [Link to article at publisher]


Year 2014

Planavsky N.J.*, Reinhard C.T.*, Wang X., Thomason D., McGoldrick P., Rainbird R.T., Johnson T.M., Fischer W.W., Lyons T.W. (2014) Low mid-Proterozoic atmospheric oxygen levels and the delayed rise of animals. Science. 346, 635-638. *Equal contribution authors

Reinhard C.T., Planavsky N.J., Wang X., Fischer W.W., Johnson T.M., Lyons T.W. (2014) The isotopic composition of authigenic chromium in anoxic marine sediments and controls on the chromium isotope composition of seawater. Earth and Planetary Science Letter 407, 9-18.

Planavsky, NJ, 2014. The elements of marine life. Nature Geoscience, 7, 855–856.

Hood, A.v.S., and Wallace M.W. (2014) Marine cements reveal the structure of an anoxic, ferruginous Neoproterozoic ocean. Journal of the Geological Society 171, 741-744. [Link to article at publisher]

Castro-Contreras, SI, Gingras, MR, Pecoits, E, Aubet, NR, Petrash, D, Castro-Contreras, SM, Planavsky, NJ, Konhauser, KO, 2014, Textural and geochemical features of freshwater microbialites from Laguna Bacalar, Quintana Roo, Mexico. Palaios. 29, 192-209

Busigny, V*, Planavsky, NJ* Jézéquel, D, Crowe, S, Louvat, P, Moureau, J. Viollier, E, Lyons, TW, 2014, Iron isotopes in an Archean ocean analogue, Geochimica et Cosmochimica, 133, 443-462. *Equal contribution authors

McKenzie, NR, Hughes, NC, Myrow, PM, Banerjee, DM, Deb, M, Planavsky, NJ, 2014. Reply to comment on “New age constraints for the Proterozoic Aravalli-Delhi successions of India and their implications” by Melezhik et al. Precambrian Research, 246, 371-372.

Lyons, TW, Reinhard, CR, Planavsky, NJ, 2014, Evolution: A Fixed-Nitrogen Fix in the Early Ocean? Current Biology, 24, R277.

Planavsky, NJ, Asael, D, Hofmann, A, Reinhard, CT, Lalonde, SV, Wang, X, Knudsen, A, Ossa Ossa, F, Bekker, A, Johnson, TM, Lyons, TW, Rouxel, OJ, 2014, Evidence for Oxygenic Photosynthesis Half a Billion Years Before the Great Oxidation Event, Nature Geoscience. 7, 283–286.

Swanner, ED, Planavsky, NJ, Lalonde, SV, Robbins, LJ, Bekker, A, Rouxel, OJ, Kappler, A, Mojzsis, SJ, and Konhauser, KO, 2014, Cobalt and marine redox evolution. Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 390, 253–263.

Hardisty, DS, Lu, Z, Planavsky, NJ, Bekker, A, Zhou, X., Lyons TW, 2014, A Novel Iodine Record of Paleoproterozoic Surface Ocean Oxygenation. Geology, 42, 619-622

Lyons, TW, Reinhard, CR, Planavsky, NJ, 2014, The early rise of oxygen in the ocean and atmosphere. Nature. Nature 506, 307–31.

McKenzie, NR, Hughes, NC, Myrow, PM, Dhiraj, M, Banerjee, M, Deb, M, Planavsky, NJ, 2014, New detrital zircon age constraints on the Proterozoic Aravalli-Delhi successions of central India and their implications, Precambrian Research, 238, 120-128.

Scott, CT, Wing, BA, Bekker, A, Planavsky, NJ, Medvedev, P, Bates, SM, Yun, SM, Lyons, TW, 2014, Pyrite multiple-sulfur isotope evidence for rapid expansion and contraction of the early Paleoproterozoic seawater sulfate reservoir. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 389, 95-104

Partin, CA, Lalonde, SV, Planavsky, NJ, Bekker, A, Rouxel, OJ, Lyons, TW, Konhauser, KO, 2014, Uranium in iron formations and the rise of atmospheric oxygen. Chemical Geology, 362, 82-90.

Bekker, A, Planavsky, NJ, Krapež, B, Rasmussen, B, Hofmann, A, Slack, JF, Rouxel, OJ, Konhauser, K.O., 2014, Iron Formations: Their Origins and Implications for Ancient Seawater Chemistry, Treatise on Geochemistry. vol., 10.


Year 2013

Tarhan, LG, Planavsky, NJ, Reid, RP, 2013, Microbial mat control on infaunal abundance and diversity in modern marine microbialites, Geobiology. 11, 485-497.

Robbins, LJ, Lalonde, SV, Saito, M, Planavsky, NJ, Mloszewska, AM, Pecoits, E, Dupont, CL, Kappler, A, Konhauser, KO, 2013, Authigenic iron oxide proxies for marine Zinc over geological time and implications for eukaryotic metallome evolution, Geobiology, 11, 295-306.

Partin, C, Bekker, A, Planavsky, NJ, Gill, BG, Li, C, Podkovyrov, V, Maslov, A, Konhauser, KO, Lyons, TW, 2013, Large-scale fluctuations in Precambrian atmospheric and oceanic oxygen levels, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 369, 284–293.

Reinhard, CT, Planavsky, NJ, Robbins, LJ, Partin, C, Gill, GC, Lalonde, SV, Bekker, A, Konhauser, KO, Lyons, TW, 2013, Proterozoic ocean redox and evolutionary stasis. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 110, 5357-5363.

Reinhard, CR, Planavsky, NJ, Lyons, TW, 2013, Long-term sedimentary recycling of rare sulphur isotope anomalies and its significance for reconstructing atmospheric evolution, Nature. 497, 100-103.

Scott, CT, Planavsky, NJ, Dupont, CL, Kendall, B, Gill, B, Robbins. LJ, Bekker, A, Konhauser, KO, Anbar, A, Lyons, TW, 2013, Marine zinc bioavailability through time and eukaryotic metallome evolution, Nature Geoscience. 6, 123-125.

Huang, J, Chu, X, Lyons, TW, Planavsky, NJ, Wen, H, in 2013, A new look at saponite formation and early animal records in the Ediacaran of South China, Geobiology, 11, 3-14.


Year 2012

Planavsky, NJ, Bekker, A, Hofmann, A, Lyons, TW, 2012, Sulfur record of rising and falling marine oxygen and sulfate levels during the Lomagundi event. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 45 18300-18305.

Bekker, A, Krapež, B, Slack, JF, Planavsky, NJ, Hofmann, A, Konhauser, KO, Rouxel, OJ, 2012, Iron Formation: The sedimentary product of a complex interplay among mantle, tectonic, oceanic, and biospheric processes—a reply. Economic Geology, 107, 379-380.

Sahoo, SW, Planavsky, NJ, Kendall, B, Wang, X, Shi, X, Scott, C, Anbar, AD, Lyons, TW, Jiang, G, 2012, Ocean oxygenation in the wake of the Marinoan glaciation. Nature, 489, 546–549.

Planavsky, NJ, Rouxel, OJ, Bekker, A, Little, C, Hoffman, A, Lyons, TW, 2012, The iron isotope composition of some Archean and Paleoproterozoic iron formations. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 80, 158–169.

Hood, A.v.S, Wallace, M.W. (2012) Synsedimentary diagenesis in a Cryogenian reef complex: Ubiquitous marine dolomite precipitation. Sedimentary Geology, 255-256, p56-71. [Link to article at publisher]


Year 2011

Planavsky, NJ, McGoldrick, P, Scott, C, Li, C, Reinhard, CT, Kelly, A, Bekker, A, Love, G, Lyons, TW, 2011, Widespread Iron-rich Conditions in Mid-Proterozoic Oceans, Nature, 477, 448–451.

Reinhard, CR, Planavsky, NJ, 2011, Mineralogical constraints on Precambrian pCO2. Nature, 474, e3-4.

Planavsky, NJ, Partin, C, and Bekker, A, 2011, Carbon Isotopes as a Geochemical Tracer, In: Encyclopedia of Astrobiology, Springer-Verlag, 1600 p., p. 249-253.

Konhauser, KO, Lalonde, SV, Planavsky, NJ, Pecoits, E, Lyons, TW, Mojzsis, SJ, Rouxel, OJ, Barley, ME, Bekker, A, 2011, Aerobic bacterial pyrite oxidation and acid rock drainage during the Great Oxidation Event. Nature, 478, 369–373.

Hood, A.v.S, Wallace, M.W., and Drysdale, R.N. (2011) Neoproterozoic aragonite-dolomite seas?: Widespread marine dolomite precipitation in Cryogenian reef complexes, Geology, 39, p871-874. [Link to article at publisher]


Year 2010

Planavsky, NJ, Rouxel, OJ, Bekker, A, Lalonde, SV, Konhauser, KO, Reinhard, CR, Lyons, TW, 2010, Evolution of marine phosphate concentrations, Nature 467: 1088–1090.

Planavsky, NJ, Bekker, A, Rouxel, OJ, Kamber, B, Knudsen, AH, Lyons, TW, 2010, The rare earth element and yttrium composition of Archean and Paleoproterozoic iron formations revisited: A new perspective on significance and mechanisms of iron formation deposition: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 74: 6387-6405.

Bekker, A, Slack, JF, Planavsky, NJ, Krapež, B, Hofmann, A, Konhauser, KO, Rouxel, OJ, 2010, Iron Formation: The Sedimentary Product of a Complex Interplay Among Mantle, Tectonic, Oceanic, and Biospheric Processes. Economic Geology 105: 467-508.


Year 2009

Planavsky, NJ, 2009, Early Neoproterozoic origin of the metazoan clade recorded in carbonate rock texture: Comment, Geology, 37: e195.

Planavsky, NJ, Reid, RP, Myshrall, KL, Lyons, TW, Vischer, PT, 2009, Formation and diagenesis of modern marine calcified cyanobacteria, Geobiology, 7: 566 – 576.

Grey, K, Planavsky, NJ, 2009, Microbialites of Lake Thetis, Cervantes, Western Australia—A Field Guide. Geological Survey of Western Australia Publication. Perth, Australia.

Planavsky, NJ, Rouxel, O, Bekker, A, Shapiro, RS, Fralick, PF, Knudsen, A, 2009, Iron-oxidizing microbial ecosystems thrived in Paleoproterozoic redox-stratified oceans, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 286: 230-242.

Planavsky, NJ, Ginsburg, RN, 2009, The Taphonomy of Modern Marine Bahamian Microbialites, Palaios. 24: 5-18.


Year 2008

Planavsky, NJ, Grey, K, 2008, Stromatolite branching in the Neoproterozoic of the Centralian Superbasin, Australia: an investigation into sedimentary and microbial control of stromatolite morphology, Geobiology. 6: 33-45.

Ginsburg, RN, Planavsky, NJ, 2008, Diversity of Bahamian stromatolite substrates. in, Links Between Geological Processes, Microbial Activities & Evolution of Life. pg. 177-195. eds., Dilek Y, Furnes H, Muehlenbachs K. Springer academic press. Amsterdam.