ENERGY STUDIES Courses and Capstone Projects

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COURSE REQUIREMENTS

The requirements for Energy Studies consist of six courses from a list approved by the faculty advisory committee, plus a senior capstone project. No specific courses are required, but there are two distributional requirements:  (1) students must take at least one course in each of the three tracks of Energy Studies, and (2) students can use no more than three courses from their majors to satisfy the six-course requirement. Double majors can use three courses from each of their majors provided that the distributional requirement across the three tracks is satisfied. It is recommended that three of the six courses be upper level courses (300 level or higher). Approved courses completed before a student enrolls in Energy Studies can count toward the requirements, as can pre-approved courses taken during summer sessions at Yale and other institutions. 

The normal rule is that any course taken as Credit/D/Fail cannot count for Energy Studies.

The following courses are recommended as introductions in the three tracks:

I Energy Science and Technology
APHY 100, Energy Technology and Society
G&G 274, Fossil Fuels and World Energy

II Energy and the Environment
ENVE 120, Introduction to Environmental Engineering
G&G 140, Atmosphere, Ocean, and Environmental Change

III Energy and Society: Economic, Political, and Social Issues
GLBL 217, Sustainability in the 21st Century
EVST 247, Politics of the Environment

COURSES IN ENERGY STUDIES FOR THE 2019-20 ACADEMIC YEAR
A list of courses offered in the 2019-20 Academic Year and approved for credit in Energy Studies is available in a sortable spreadsheet (send an email to the program director, michael.oristaglio@yale.edu).  The lists below, from previous years, are illustrative of acceptable courses in each of the three tracks. But these lists are not exhaustive. Many courses offered in previous years but no longer listed in YCPS were approved for Energy Studies. In addition, courses in the graduate and professional schools can count towards Energy Studies. Finally, just about any course offered in Yale College can count provsionally toward Energy Studies credit, if a student does substantive elective work in the course on an appropriate topic. All requests for provisional credit (“provisional” depending on successful completion of the work) must normally be approved in advance by the director or by the faculty advisory committee.

Students or faculty members wishing to have a particular course approved for Energy Studies should send an e-mail to the director (michael.oristaglio@yale.edu), ideally with a copy of the course syllabus.

I Energy Science and Technology
APHY 100, Energy Technology and Society
CENG 300, Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics
CENG 315, Transport Phenomena
CHEM 430, Statistical Mechanics and Thermodynamics
EENG 406, Photovoltaic Energy
G&G 274, Fossil Fuels and World Energy
G&G 275, Renewable Energy
MENG 211, Thermodynamics for Mechanical Engineers
MENG 389, Mechanical Engineering IV: Fluid and Thermal Energy Science
PHYS 180, University Physics
PHYS 420, Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics

The following two-term course sequences covering a range of topics including basic energy science count for only one credit (one course) in Track 1 of Energy Studies. No more than one such course sequence can be counted toward the program’s course requirements. With permission of the director, students taking only one term of the two-term sequence can still receive one credit in Track 1. 

CHEM 161 and 165, General Chemistry I and II
CHEM 163 and 167, Comprehensive University Chemistry I and II
CHEM 332 and 333, Physical Chemistry with Applications in the Physical Sciences I and II
PHYS 200 and 201, Fundamentals of Physics
PHYS 260 and 261, Intensive Introductory Physics
PHYS 401 and 402, Advanced Classical Physics from Newton to Einstein

II Energy and the Environment
ENVE 120, Introduction to Environmental Engineering
ENVE 360, Green Engineering and Sustainable Design
ENVE 373, Air Pollution Control
ENVE 377, Water Quality Control
ENVE 416, Chemical Engineering Process Design
ENVE 448, Environmental Transport Processes
ENVE 473, Air Quality and Energy
G&G 010, Earth, Resources, Energy, and the Environment
G&G 120, Earth’s Changing Climate
G&G 140, Atmosphere, Ocean, and Environmental Change
G&G 207, The Science of Water
G&G 216, Global Warming: Climate Physics
G&G 322, Physics of Weather and Climate

III Energy and Society:  Economic, Political, and Social Issues
AMST 236, American Energy History
AMST 425, American Culture and the Rise of the Environment
ANTH 409, Climate and Society from Past to Present
ANTH 473, Abrupt Climate Change and Societal Collapse
ARCG 226, Global Environmental History
ECON 330, The Economics of Natural Resources
ECON 412, International Environmental Economics
ENGL 114, Writing Seminars: Logistics of Climate Change
EVST 226, Global Environmental History
EVST 228, Climate Change and the Humanities 
EVST 255, Environmental Politics and Law
GLBL 217, Sustainability in the 21st Century
HIST 042, Oil and Empire
PLSC 212, Democracy and Sustainability
PLSC 219, Politics of the Environment

PROVISIONAL COURSES IN ENERGY STUDIES
Many courses with broad themes touching on science, technology, and society can count in Energy Studies, provided that the student does substantive work in the course on energy-related topics. “Substantive work” generally means assignments counting for at least 40% of the course’s standard requirements, such as in-term essays or problem sets or a final essay or presentation. Students are normally required to notify the director in advance of their intention to use a provisional course for Energy Studies and receive approval. 

Examples of provisional courses are:

APHY 050, Science of Modern Technology and Public Policy
ENG 459, Writing about Science, Medicine, and the Environment
EVST 347, Biogeochemistry and Pollution
GLBL 253, Globalization Space

COURSES IN THE GRADUATE AND PROFESSIONAL SCHOOLS
Many courses in the graduate and professional schools (500 level or higher) qualify for Energy Studies, provided that the course is accepted for full course credit in Yale College. Questions about whether a course’s content qualifies for Energy Studies can be submitted via e-mail to the program director, ideally with a copy of the course syllabus. 

Examples of graduate level courses whose content qualifies for Energy Studies are:

CHEM 530, Statistical Methods and Thermodynamics
ENAS 521, Classical and Statistical Thermodynamics
ENAS 603, Energy, Mass, and Momentum Processes
ENAS 609, Nanotechnology for Energy
ENAS 806, Photovoltaic Energy
F&ES 800, Energy Economics and Policy Analysis
F&ES 823, Regulation of Energy Extraction
MGT 563, Energy System Analysis

CAPSTONE PROJECTS

Capstone projects are due at the end of the Spring Term.

The capstone of Energy Studies is an essay or project in one or more of the curriculum’s three tracks: (i) Energy Science and Technology; (ii) Energy and the Environment; and (iii) Energy and Society: Economic, Political and Social Issues.

The capstone will normally take one of the following forms: (a) a senior essay or project in the student’s major, (b) an individual or group independent-study project undertaken in the senior year, or (c) a summer internship undertaken after completion of the junior year.

All capstone projects must be approved by the faculty advisory committee for Energy Studies and documented in a written report submitted during the senior year. Guidelines for the different forms of the capstone project are given below.

An individual or group project in a credited course at Yale, or in a summer academic program credited by Yale, can serve as the capstone project for Energy Studies, but the course itself cannot also be used to satisfy the course requirements for Energy Studies. 

CAPSTONE PROJECT GUIDELINES
The following guidelines apply to the different forms of capstone projects:

  • (a) A senior essay or project in the student’s major can serve as the capstone project provided that a topic from one of the three tracks in Energy Studies is an integral part of the project. The guideline is that the Energy Studies topic should constitute at least 30% of the project’s content, which is usually determined by the length of the relevant sections in the essay or project write-up compared to the document as a whole. The document submitted to the student’s department can be submitted as the Energy Studies capstone project after the department has accepted the work. Use of a senior essay or project as the capstone for Energy Studies requires the written approval of the director of Energy Studies and the director of undergraduate studies (DUS) in the student’s major.
     
  • (b) An individual or group independent-study project undertaken in the senior year and documented in a written report can serve as the capstone project provided that the project treats a topic from one of the three tracks in Energy Studies. Such a project can be undertaken in a credited Yale course, but this will exclude the course itself from counting toward the six-course requirement of Energy Studies. The guideline for a written report on an independent study project is an essay about 4000 words in length, in the accepted style of a term essay for a credited course in the department of the student’s major. Group projects generally require longer write-ups, with the length approved in advance by the program director. The maximum number of students in a group project is normally limited to three. Students are encouraged to use ENRG 400 as the vehicle for independent student projects serving as the capstone.
     
  • (c) An internship undertaken after completion of the junior year and documented in a written report can serve as the capstone project provided that the internship is in a field closely related to one of the three tracks in Energy Studies. The guideline for the written report on an internship is an essay about 4000 words in length, in the accepted style of a term essay for a credited course in the department of the student’s major.

COVER PAGE (COVER SLIDE)
Submissions of capstone projects must include a cover page (or cover slide in the case of presentations) with the following items:

  • Name of Student
  • Major
  • Residential College
  • Date
  • This {SELECT ONE: senior essay, senior project, independent study project, internship project} is submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements of the Multidisciplinary Academic Program in Energy Studies at Yale College.